The Windows registry is a powerful and complex database that contains a wide range of information about the Windows operating system. It is key to the functioning of the system and any changes made it can have serious consequences. This is why it is important to be familiar with the registry and how it works and where it is stored.
The registry is divided into a number of different files known as hives, each of which contain specific types of data. The default location of these registry hives is in the windows folder itself in the System32\config directory.
The first of these hives is named “HKLM” (HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE), and it contains all the settings needed to boot up your computer and get it running correctly. It includes information on installed software and hardware, as well as security settings such as user accounts and passwords.
The second hive is called “HKCU” (HKEY_CURRENT_USER) and contains settings specific to the currently logged-in user. This includes preferences for applications, desktop settings, and other personal settings.
The third hive is called “HKCR” (HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT) and it holds all the file associations and other types of settings related to the Windows File Explorer.
Finally, there is the “HKU” (HKEY_USERS) hive, which contains settings specific to each user account on the computer.
Although the Windows registry files are located in the same place by default, they can also be moved or even backed up to a different location. Backing up the registry is an important part of keeping your system secure, as any changes made to the registry can have a big impact on the functionality of the computer.
Microsoft also provides a set of tools for working with the Windows registry, known collectively as the “Registry Editor”. When used correctly, this editor can be a great way of managing the data within the registry and ensuring that things are running optimally.
In summary, the Windows registry is a critical component of the Windows operating system, and its default location is %SystemRoot%\system32\config. It is vital to keep it backed up and managed properly, as any changes to it can have serious consequences. Microsoft’s Registry Editor is a great way of doing this, as it provides an easy-to-use interface for managing the Windows registry.