What types of cryptocurrencies are available?

There are many types of cryptocurrencies available, including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Litecoin, Monero, Ripple, Dash, Dogecoin, Zcash, Augur, and Iota. Some of these are designed for different purposes, such as Bitcoin for payments and Ethereum for smart contracts; others focus on privacy, such as Monero or Zcash; while some are used for specific applications like Augur for prediction markets or Iota for Internet of Things (IoT).