The leader of the Chinese Communist Revolution was Mao Zedong, also known as Chairman Mao. He was the founding father of the People’s Republic of China, and his leadership was instrumental in transforming the country from a semi-feudal and semi-colonial society into a socialist society, leading to the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949.
Mao Zedong was born in 1893 in Hunan province. He was the son of a peasant farmer and began to study revolutionary literature at an early age. Under the influence of his teachers, he joined the Chinese Communist Party (CPC) while still a student. After completing his studies, he worked in Beijing as a librarian and later became involved with the Chinese labor movement.
In 1921, Mao Zedong attended the First Congress of the CPC and was elected to the Central Committee. From this point on, he became increasingly involved in Chinese Communist activities and was soon appointed leader of the party’s political and military operations in southern China. He conducted several revolutionary campaigns, including organizing rural uprisings, strikes and peasant associations.
In 1931, Mao Zedong launched a campaign to unite the Chinese Communist forces. He then set up the “Long March”, leading an eighty-five thousand strong communist army from Jiangxi to Northern Shaanxi. The march united and strengthened the Chinese Communist Movement and he established himself as the undisputed leader of the revolution.
During World War II, Mao Zedong continued to lead the CPC, focusing on strengthening the Chinese Red Army and expanding its influence and power. He also adopted an alliance with the Soviet Union and won support from many intellectuals and workers.
At the end of World War II and the Chinese Civil War, Mao Zedong declared the PRC and became head of state. Chinese Communist rule was officially established in October 1949. As leader of the CPC, Mao Zedong embarked on a process of reforms, which led to a massive transformation of China’s economy and society. Mao Zedong enacted several economic, political and social reforms which sought to modernize and develop China.
Mao Zedong was the leader of the Chinese Communist Revolution from its beginning to 2000, when under his leadership, the CPC transformed China from a semi-feudal and semi-colonial society into a socialist society. His policies made great contributions to the development and modernization of China and his legacy is still remembered today.