How do I modify the properties of a file in Windows?

In Windows, you can modify a file’s properties to customize the way it appears and functions in the system. This can be done by accessing the Properties window where you can change the file’s attributes, security settings, compatibility options, General details, and more. Here’s how:

1. Right-click the file from its location in File Explorer or the Desktop.

2. Select the “Properties” option from the context menu.

3. The file’s Properties window will open. It may include several tabs, depending on the type of file.

General tab

The General tab will show you some basic details about the file, including its size and date last modified. You can also add a small description of the file in the “Comments” box.

Click “Change” if you want to change the file name, or choose a new location for the file. You can also select the file’s icon, which is usually a thumbnail image of the file.


You can set various attributes for the file. These include Read-only (to protect it against unwanted changes) and Hidden (to prevent the file from appearing in File Explorer).


In the Security tab, you can set the level of access granted to other users on the computer. If you’re the administrator, you can grant Full Control access to certain users by adding their usernames to the list.


The Sharing tab allows you to share the file over a local network. You can also change permissions so that other users on the same network can access the file.


The Advanced tab gives you full control over the file’s properties. Here, you can set the file to be indexed by Windows Search, which will improve the speed at which you can locate it. You can also configure the file’s compatibility options, and choose whether it should run as an administrator, with elevated privileges.

When you’re finished, click the “OK” button to save all changes. You should now see the updated information in the Properties window.