What causes my computer to crash when running games?

Computer crashes while gaming can be caused by a variety of issues. Some of the most common causes are hardware-related, such as incompatible or outdated drivers, overheating components, or out of date BIOS. Software-related issues like using too many applications simultaneously, corrupt files, or incorrect system configuration may also cause the issue. Here is an in-depth analysis of these factors and how to address them:

Hardware-Related Causes:
1. Incompatible or Outdated Drivers: Computer crashes during gaming can be caused by outdated or incompatible drivers. Drivers are pieces of software that allow your Operating System (OS) to interact with computer hardware. Whenever you install new hardware or upgrade software, it is important to make sure that you have the most up-to-date drivers installed. If you do not, you might experience crashes or other instability. You can update your drivers either manually or through a dedicated driver updater program.

2. Overheating Components: Computer parts generate heat when in use, and especially when gaming. If any of your components become too hot, they may become unstable or even crash. To prevent this from happening, ensure that your case has enough air circulation and that the cooler on the processor is working correctly. Additionally, you should make sure that dust and grime are kept away from the fan filters and that there is no obstacles blocking the air flow. If none of these solutions work, you can always invest in a more powerful cooling system.

3. Out of Date BIOS: The BIOS (Basic Input/Output System) is the software that tells your computer how to boot up, recognize devices, and operate. Occasionally, this software needs to be updated in order to keep your system running smoothly. If your BIOS is out of date or corrupted, you might experience system instability or crashing during gaming. To update the BIOS, you will need to consult your motherboard manual and download the correct update from the manufacturer’s website.

Software-Related Causes:
1. Too Many Applications: Running too many applications at once can use up all the RAM (Random Access Memory) or CPU (Central Processing Unit) resources available and cause the system to become unresponsive. This can lead to crashes or other instability when trying to run games. If you regularly run many programs at once, consider upgrading your RAM or CPU, or scheduling a specific time to run them one after the other.

2. Corrupt Files: Corrupt files can cause your system to become unresponsive or crash. If you are experiencing regular crashes while gaming, it is possible that some of the game files are corrupt. To check for corruption, run a disk check on the game files by right-clicking on the game installation folder and selecting “Properties.” Navigate to the “Tools” tab and click “Check Now.”

3. Incorrect System Configuration: Incorrect system configuration can also cause instability while gaming. Make sure that you have the correct settings selected for your graphics card and processor. Furthermore, if your graphics card or processor are not powerful enough to run the game, you might experience crashes. This is particularly relevant for those playing games on laptop computers, as their graphics card tend to be less powerful than those of desktop computers.

In conclusion, computer crashes while gaming can be caused by a variety of hardware and software-related issues. Hardware-related causes include incompatible or outdated drivers, overheating components, and outdated BIOS. Software-related causes include having too many applications open, corrupt files, and incorrect system configuration. To address these issues, make sure that your drivers are up to date, look into upgrading your cooling system, update the BIOS, run fewer applications at once, check for file corruption, and ensure that your system is configured correctly.