What is the cause of a blue screen error on Windows?

A Blue Screen of Death (BSOD) is a stop error screen displayed on Windows computers after a fatal system error, also known as a system crash. It is an error screen displayed by the Microsoft Windows family of operating systems upon encountering a critical error which can cause the system to crash and stop responding. BSODs are typically a result of hardware or driver issues.

On Windows, the Blue Screen of Death regularly appears as a result of problems related to software and its associated drivers. Some of the most common causes of a Blue Screen of Death in Windows include:

Hardware issue
Computer hardware issues such as failing memory, a bad motherboard, or a failing hard drive can all cause a BSOD. These issues can typically be diagnosed and repaired with the help of a technician.

Driver issues
Corrupt or outdated drivers can sometimes cause a BSOD. To troubleshoot these issues, you will need to update your device drivers or replace any faulty hardware.

Incorrectly configured hardware
Sometimes hardware is incorrectly configured or installed, resulting in a BSOD. This could be caused by things like incorrect BIOS settings, or incompatible hardware for your system.

Malware and viruses have the potential to corrupt system files, causing a BSOD. To fix this issue, you need to find out what type of malware or virus is causing the problem and then use antivirus software to remove it.

Incompatible software
If you’re running incompatible programs or software, it could cause a BSOD. This usually occurs when programs are too old for the hardware or software that the computer is running.

Power supply
An inadequate or failed power supply can cause the system to shut down unexpectedly, resulting in a BSOD. You should check your power supply and replace it if necessary.

Too much heat can cause components to overheat, leading to a BSOD. Make sure you keep your computer free from dust and ensure it is adequately ventilated.

Incorrectly configured settings
Some settings can be incorrectly configured, possibly causing a BSOD. You should check your BIOS and make sure that everything is configured properly.

Hardware conflicts
Hardware conflicts can sometimes cause a BSOD. This means that you have two or more pieces of hardware that are competing for the same resources, resulting in the computer crashing.

Faulty RAM
If there is a problem with the RAM in your computer, it can cause a blue screen. You can try running a memory test to identify any potential issues.

NTFS corruption
The NTFS (New Technology File System) is a file system used by Windows. Corrupted NTFS can lead to a blue screen. You should run a checkdisk to identify and repair any errors.

Incorrectly set up multiple displays
If you are running two or more monitors and they are not set up correctly, it can cause a BSOD. You can try adjusting the settings in your display options.

These are some of the most common causes of a Blue Screen of Death in Windows, but there could be other causes as well. If you’re having trouble troubleshooting the issue yourself, it’s best to contact a professional.