An Operating System (OS) is a software program that manages the hardware and software resources of a computer. It is responsible for managing the computer’s memory, processing power, and input/output devices. Operating systems also provide an interface for users to interact with the hardware and software. Examples of Operating Systems include Microsoft Windows, Apple macOS, and Linux.
An application, on the other hand, is a software program that performs specific tasks. Applications are developed for a wide range of purposes and are used to complete various tasks ranging from word processing, creating spreadsheets, and playing games. Applications are designed to suit the needs of the user and often require an operating system to run. Examples of applications include Adobe Photoshop, Microsoft Word, and Google Chrome.
The main difference between an Operating System and an Application is that an Operating System provides a platform, or environment, in which applications can be installed and run. Without an operating system, applications would not be able to access the computer’s resources, as the operating system handles the communication between the software and hardware components. In addition, the operating system also provides an interface for users to access the applications and control their settings. On the other hand, applications are responsible for performing specific tasks, such as word processing and spreadsheets.
In summary, an Operating System is a software program that allows the hardware and software components of a computer to communicate, while an application is a software program that performs specific tasks. An Operating System must be present in order for applications to be installed and run, while applications are designed to suit the needs of the user.