1. Financial Conduct Authority (FCA) – is an independent body that regulates the financial services industry in the United Kingdom. The FCA has been actively monitoring cryptocurrency markets and has issued a number of warnings to those engaging in cryptocurrency investments.
2. European Securities and Markets Authority (ESMA) – is the European Union’s regulator of the securities and markets. ESMA also oversees cryptocurrency companies and markets that operate within the EU.
3. Commodity Futures Trading Commission (CFTC) – is a United States federal agency that regulates the commodity futures and options markets. The CFTC has started to take a more active role in cryptocurrency markets, which includes issuing enforcement actions against companies for unlawful activities.
4. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) – is an independent agency of the US government responsible for protecting investors, maintaining fair and orderly markets, and ensuring market integrity. The SEC has been dealing with cryptocurrencies since 2014.
5. Internal Revenue Service (IRS) – is the federal agency responsible for enforcing taxation laws in the US. The IRS has issued guidance on how cryptocurrency transactions should be treated for tax purposes.
6. Financial Action Task Force (FATF) – is an intergovernmental organization responsible for setting international standards to combat money laundering and terrorist financing. FATF has released recommendations for regulating virtual asset service providers, including cryptocurrency exchanges.